Management workshop allowed the exchange of knowledge about plant nutrition, genetic improvement, management, pruning, planting spacing and the importance of light for the development of the orchard.
The class in the field, in direct contact with the object of study, is a didactic resource that can facilitate learning in a process of participatory construction, with exchanges of knowledge and experiences. This understanding was put into practice by the Ingá Project, which on September 26 (Monday) held the Açaizais Management Workshop in Juruti, integrating rural producers, students and professors from the Federal University of Western Pará (UFOPA).
The workshop worked on non-timber forest management, with greater emphasis on the management of açaí, the enrichment of secondary forests, irrigation, recovery of riparian forests and the importance of soil and agroforestry systems. According to Michel Rios Arévalo, Ph.D. Professor in Phytotechnics at UFOPA, the management workshop brought together Agronomy students to learn about cultivation areas, supported by a technical team from the Ingá Project, which enabled a more effective exchange of experiences. “Often, in the classroom, we see the theoretical issue, but here we were able to experience the practical issue”, said the educator.
In this dialogue environment, the group discussed how to enhance the work of producers, observing what can be done together for greater use in cultivation. The importance of açaí was also highlighted, not only as a family food, but also for its potential for economic growth. With this, the students deepened their knowledge about soil nutrition, genetic improvement of açaí varieties, cleaning of clumps, pruning, planting spacing and the importance of light for plant development.
In promoting these practices with producers, the Ingá Project is working in açaí seedling nurseries, genetically improved by Embrapa to enrich the areas of agroforestry systems (SAFs) and aiming at socioeconomic development. “With knowledge, study and this experience of bringing us farmers closer to the project’s teachers, we gained courage and strengthened our will to continue working, believing that this will have a positive effect for all of us”, emphasized Lúcio Morais, from Comunidade Esperança, farmer from the Ingá Project.
In practice, the participants were able to understand and understand the importance of the species being worked on and what nutritional needs the soil needs for the development of the crop. Soil analysis is a fertility diagnosis, identifying the types of macro and micro nutrients that the soil needs, thus allowing a recommendation for fertilization.
In this way, the workshop highlighted the possibilities for organic fertilization with matter of plant or animal origin already existing on the properties, bringing enrichment to the planting areas. For production quality, the Ingá Project carried out soil analysis of producers and made technical recommendations, identifying the nutritional needs of each area.
According to Sandro Abreu, agronomist, professor and consultant at the Vitória Régia Institute (IVR), the workshop is extremely important for the Ingá Project, as it deals with participatory construction together with the producers and brings a lot of hope. “We are dealing with a potential that already exists and we propose the organization of productive spaces through the management of açai groves. It is a possibility for them (producers) to recognize within their properties an area that can generate income in a rational and sustainable way through simple and adaptable techniques. Their return has been very interesting”, he evaluates.
Fernanda Rego Silveira, participant and student of the Agronomy course at the Juruti campus, highlighted that in the workshop she was able to experience in a practical way all the teachings that the professors have transmitted so far. “We are studying agroforestry systems and it was a great surprise to learn that in Juruti we can experience these systems in practice. Through the Ingá Project, I can see that several families will be helped in the form of income and in the social aspect”, observed the student.